NEW YORK, November 5.
NEW YORK, November 19.
We hear that a Company of the Royal Regiment of Artillery
which arrived here last Week from Albany, are bound
immediately to South Carolina, on board the Scarborough and
Saturday Night arrived here from Quebec, His Majesty
Ship Fowey, of 24 Guns. --- On board of her came Passengers,
Brigadier General Monckton, Major Spittal, and several other
Gentlemen of the Army: And Yesterday Morning the General was
saluted by a Discharge of 21 Pieces of Cannon from Fort
George; and by all His MajestyShips in the Harbour. --- The
Fowey had but 16 Days Passage from the Isle of Orleans.
CAPITULATION of QUEBEC, September 18, 1759.
ARTICLES of Capitulation, proposed by Mr. Ramsey, Lieutenant
Governor, commanding the Upper and Lower Towns of Quebec, to
his Excellency the General of His Britannic Majesty Army.
The Capitulation was ratified, agreeable to the under
mentioned Conditions, viz.
Mr. Ramsey asks for the Honours of War for the Garrison: That
it shall be conducted to the Army in Safety the shortest road,
with Arms, Baggage, six Pieces of Brass Cannon, two Mortars,
and twelve Rounds to each Piece.
The Garrison of the City, comprehending Land Troops,
Marines and Seamen, shall march out of the Garrison with Arms,
Baggage, Drums, &c. two Pieces of French Iron Cannon, and
twelve Rounds per Gun, they shall be embarked for France as
conveniently as possible, and landed at the first Port there.
II. That the Inhabitants be in full Possession of their
Effects, Houses and Privileges. Granted.
III. The Inhabitants shall not be sought after for having
carried Arms in Defence of Quebec, as they were forced to it,
and the Inhabitants of the two Crowns serve equally as
IV. The Effects of the absent Officers and Inhabitants
shall not be seized. Granted.
V. The Inhabitants shall not be removed, nor quit their
Houses, until a Definitive Treaty between the two Crowns shall
determine it. Agreed.
VI. The Exercise of the Roman Religion shall be tolerated;
that Safeguards be placed at all Ecclesiastical Houses and
Convents, including the Bishop; and that he be allowed to
come and officiate in his function at Quebec, when he shall
think proper, and exercise freely and decently the sacred
Mysteries of Religion, until the Fate of Canada be decided by
Treaty, between the two Crowns. Granted.
VII. The Artillery and warlike Stores shall be given up
faithfully, and that an Inventory be taken of them. Agreed.
VIII. Commissaries, Clergymen, Surgeons and other
necessary Persons shall be allowed to the Hospitals, agreeable
to the Treaty of Exchange made the 6th of February, 1759,
between the two Crowns. Granted.
IX. The General will be so good to place Safe guards at
the Churches, Convents &c. before he is put in Possession of
the Fort, and Entrance of the Towns. Granted.
X. the Lieutenant governor shall be permitted to send an
Account of the surrender of the Place to the Marquis
Caudreuille; as also by Letter to acquaint the French Ministry
XI. The present Capitulation shall be observed agreeable
to its form and Tenure, without being subject to Non
Execution, on Account or Pretext of Reprisals for Non
Observance of precedent Capitulations. Granted.
Concluded, and Duplicates given between us, this 18th Day
of September, 1759. Signed, CH. SAUNDERS, GEO. TOWNSHEND, DE
On the different Batteries round Quebec were found no less
than 180 Pieces of Cannon, from 36 to 2 Pounders, besides 15
Mortars from 13 to 7 Inches; and between the River St. Charles
and Montmorencie were found 50 Iron guns, besides Mortars.
We can, with great Surety, inform the Public, that there
is not one Word of Truth in the Report spread, and brought
from Boston, of the Canadians attempting to blow up the Grand
Magazine at Quebec. On the contrary, every Thing was well
there the 30th of October, our Troops in good Spirits, and
healthy; and nothing attempted by the enemy, to recover the
Place since its Capitulation.
I HAVE the greatest Pleasure in acquainting you that the
Town and the Citadel of Quebec surrendered on the 18th
Instant, and I inclose you a Copy of the Articles of
Capitulation. The Army took Possession of the Gates on the
Land Side the same Evening, and sent Safe guards into the Town
to preserve Order, and to prevent any thing being destroyed;
and Captain Palliser, with a Body of Seamen, landed in the
Lower town, and did the same. The next Day our Army marched
in, and near a Thousand French officers, soldiers and Seamen,
were embarked on board some English Catts; who shall soon
proceed for France, agreeable to the Capitulation.
I had the Honour to write to you the 5th Instant by the
Rodney Cutter: The Troops, mentioned in that Letter, embarked
on board the ships and Vessels above th town, in the Night of
the 6th Inst. and at Four in the Morning of the 13th began to
land on the North Shore, about a Mile and a half above the
Town. General Montcalm, with his whole Army left their Camps
at Beaufort, and marched to meet him. A little before Ten both
Armies were formed, and the Enemy began the Attack. Our Troops
received their Fire, and reserved their own, advancing till
they were so near as to run in upon them, and push them with
their Bayonets; by which, in a very little Time, the French
gave Way, and fled to the Town in the utmost Disorder, and
with great Loss; for our Troops pursued them quite to the
Walls, and killed many of them upon the Glacis, and in the
Ditch; and if the Town had been further off, the whole French
Army must have been destroyed. About 250 French Prisoners were
taken that Day, among whom are ten Captains, and six Subaltern
Officers, all of whom will go in the great Ships to England.
I am sorry to acquaint you, that General Wolfe was killed
in the Action; and General Monckton shot thro'the Body; but
he is now supposed to be out of Danger. General Montcalm, and
the three next French Officers in command, were killed; but I
must refer you to Gen. Townshend (who writes by this
Opportunity) for the Particulars of this Action, the State of
the Garrison, and the Measures he is taking for keeping
Possession of it. I am now beginning to send on Shore the
Stores they will want, and Provisions for Five Thousand Men;
of which I can furnish them with a sufficient Quantity.
The Night of their landing, Admiral Holmes, with the Ships
and Troops, was about 3 leagues above the intended landing
Place: General Wolfe, with about Half his Troops, set off in
Boats, and dropped down with the Tide, and were, by that
Means, less liable to be discovered by the French Centinels,
posted all along the Coast. The Ships followed them about
three Quarters of an Hour afterwards, and got to the landing
Place just in the Time that had been concerted to cover their
Landing; and considering the Darkness of the Night, and the
Rapidity of the Current, this was a very critical Operation,
and very properly and successfully conducted. When General
Wolfe, and the Troops with him, had landed, the Difficulty of
gaining the top of the Hill is scarce credible; it is very
steep in its Ascent, and high, and had no Part were two could
go a breast; but they were obliged to pull themselves us by
the Stumps and Boughs of Trees, that covered the Declivity.
Immediately after our Victory over their Troops, I sent up
all the Boats in the Fleet with Artillery and Ammunition; and
on the 17th went up with the Men of War, in a Disposition to
attack the Lower town, as soon as Gen. Townshend should be
ready to attack the Upper ; but in the Evening they sent out
to the Camp, and offered Terms of Capitulation.
I have the farther Pleasure of acquainting you, that
during this tedious Campaign there has continued a perfect
good Understanding between the Army and Navy. I have received
great Assistance from Admiral Durell and Holmes, and from all
the Captains; indeed every Body has exerted themselves in the
Execution of their Duty; even the Transports have willingly
assisted me with Boats and People on the landing the Troops,
and many other Services. I have the Honour to be, &c.
born Feb. 28, 1712, Château de Candiac, France
died Sept. 14, 1759, Quebec