Bouctouche, New Brunswick


The genealogy information of the first settlers of Bouctouche comes from the parish registers. Thanks to research done and promulgated by Dr. Marguerite Michaud, the story of Bouctouche and its first families is quite well known. It was a treat from me to visit Bouctouche's Convent Museum and to spend a day a Le Pays de la Sagouine when I visited the area in the summer of 1998!

The First Baptismal Record in the Bouctouche Parish Register was that of Marguerite LeBlanc of the marriage of Charles LeBlanc and Marie Breau - though written in French in the register is translated and reads as follows:

This is to certify that Marguerite LeBlanc, born on August 10, 1799, to Charles LeBlanc, labourer, and Marie Bro, was baptized conditionally by me this 19th day of November, 1800. The godfather was Pierre Girouard and the godmother Marie Allain, both of whom did state that they do not know how to sign their names. Signed: Ant. Bédard, Missionary Priest.

The first burial recorded in the Bouctouche Parish was:

This is to certify that burial rites were performed by me on this 22nd day of November, 1800, on the body of François Benoit, deceased September 5. Present were Jacques Cormier and Louis Allain. Signed: Ant. Bédard, Missionary Priest.

The first marriage recorded in the register among descendants of the First Settlers:

This is to certify that Joseph Stanislas Colet, eldest son of Julien Colet and Rosalie Terrio, and Françoise Cormier, youngest daughter of Jacques Cormier and Osite Poitier, were joined in holy matrimony by me on November 2nd, 1801, following the proclamation of two bans of matrimony at parish mass (a dispensation having been granted for the third). Given, to the best of my knowledge, no impediment or other just cause why they should not be married, I did grant them nuptial blessing in accordance with the rites and ceremonies of our holy faith in the presence of Jacques Cormier, Joseph Girouard, Hubert Cormier and Benjamin Allain, who did state that they do not know how to sign their names. Signed: Ant. Bédard, Missionary Priest.

The children of François LeBlanc (to Charles/Marie Barrieau to François LeBlanc/Marguerite Boudreau to Jacques LeBlanc/Catherine Hébert to Daniel/Françoise Gaudet) and Hélène Breau d/o Joseph/Marie-Blanche Boudreau were as follows:

Bénoni 1798 - m. Marie, daughter of Pierre, son of Gervais Girouard

François 1800 - m. Marie-Blanche, daughter of Pierre Allain

Blanche 1803 - m. Urbain, son of Pierre Allain

Jean 1799 - m. Victoire, daughter of André, son of Jean-Pierre Jaillet

Simon 1806 - m. Jeannette, daughter of André, son of Isidore Bastarache

Thomas 1808 - m. Marie, daughter of André, son of Isidore Bastarache

Isabelle 1811 - m. Léon, son of Jean-Baptiste Allain

Pierre 1814 - m. Geneviève, daughter of Placide, son of Joseph Bastarache

Sigfroid 1815 - m. Victoire, daughter of Thaddée, son of Isidore Bastarache

Laurent 1820 - m. Henriette, daughter of Isidore Bastarache

Joachim 1823 - m. Prudence, daughter of Marc Maillet

Children of Charles LeBlanc (I have not yet verified this information with Stephen White's Dictionnaire but will do so soon): Laurent - Jean, Thaddée, Moïse, Louis and Marie.

Simon - Ambroise. A nun and seven unmarried daughters, the last of which, Babée, died at Ste-Marie at the age of 102. Her mother was Brigitte Bastarache, daughter of Joseph. Daughters: Euphémie, Justine, Cécile (died at 101), Eulalie, Philomène (nun), Louise, Céleste, Babée.

Thomas - Maxime, Olivier, Georges, Fabien, Cyrille, Geneviève and Henriette.

Pierre - Gabriel, Clovis, Germain and Clothilde.

Joseph - Lucas and Marcel.

Olivier - Anselme, Joseph and Marcel.

Félix - François, Cyrille, Basile, Jean, Victor, Maxime and Mélème.

The wives of Élie Allain (Clothilde), Joseph Roy, (Pélagie), Olivier Collette, (Ursule), Athanase, son of Isidore Bastarache, (Polonie).

The following baptisms were accessed from the Caraquet Parish registers:


Olivier, born the twentieth of June in wedlock to Charles LeBlanc and Marie Breau. The godfather was François Arseneau, and the godmother Anne Bastarache. Neither the parents nor the godparents knew how to sign their names.

Pierre, fourth child born in wedlock to Joseph Bastarache and Marie Girouard. The godfather was François LeBlanc, and the godmother Rosalie LeBlanc. Neither the parents nor the godparents knew how to sign their names.

Isabelle, born the eighth of May, 1794, in wedlock to Charles LeBlanc and Marie Breau; the godfather was Raphaël Poirier, son of Gédaïc, and the godmother Hélène Breau. Neither the parents nor the godparents knew how to sign their names.

Recorded in Bouctouche on the date inscribed above, J. Castanet, missionary, Baye des Chaleurs.

The children of Isidore Bastarache (son of Pierre) and Rosalie LeBlanc:

André, m. Anne LeBlanc (daughter of Joseph).

Athanase, m. Apolonie LeBlanc (daughter of Charles).

Thaddée, m. Marguerite Allain (first wife), and Geneviève Thibodeau (second wife).

Michel, m. Marie Saulnier (daughter of Pierre) on September 11, 1820.

Marie, m. Paul LeBlanc (son of Joseph).

Marguerite, m. François Saulnier (son of Pierre).

Gertrude, m. Michel Allain (son of Jean-Baptiste).

Apollonie, m. Tanis Collet (son of Julien).

The family of Joseph Bastarache (son of Pierre) and Anne Girouard, also know n as Bistet, included the following children:

Anne, wife of Eloi LeBlanc (son of Joseph).

Placide, husband of Blanche Allain (daughter of Benjamin).

Modeste, wife of Bélonie Allain (son of Benjamin).

Agnès, wife of Joseph Mazerolle (son of Paul), Bay of Winds.

Adélaide, wife of Béloni Savoie (son of Jean).

Moïse, husband of Marguerite Allain (daughter of Louis).

Marie-Rose, wife of Olivier LeBlanc (son of Charles).

Marguerite, spinster.

Pierre, husband of Marie Allain.

Natalie, wife of Jérôme Meunier, Bouctouche.

Brigitte, wife of Simon LeBlanc (son of Charles).

Thomas, husband of Marie Cormier (daughter of Michel), Bouctouche.

The Girouard family, originally from France, travelled to Port Royal in 1642. François-Jacques was the first Girouard in Acadia, where his descendants still live today. One of his sons, Paul-Gervais, born in 1744, he married Geneviève Therriault and was living in Halifax in 1768. This future founder of Bouctouche subsequently travelled to Menoudie, where he resided for many years; he then moved to Petitcoudiac and then moved on to Bouctouche between 1792 and 1795 and settled here.

Paul-Gervais had 12 children, including four sons who started their families in the Bouctouche area. Six of his children married Cormiers, children of Jacques and Osithe Pothier (this Jacques lived on the Point, where the first church was erected in Bouctouche, called the Pointe-à-Jacquot­ Jacquot's Point).

One of the Girouards, also known as Bistet, lived quite an interesting life. On July 28, 1755, Governor Lawrence of Halifax decided to have the Acadians deported once and for all. On August 11, ordered the people of Fort Beauséjour to come to meet with him. When they came, he jailed 250 of the men. It was difficult for the women and children to arrange visits to the men; the women would go to the prison as a group, bringing food and even women's clothing for the prisoners to use to try to escape. In addition, 86 prisoners managed to dig a hole through the compound walls and thus escape. The opening was so small that one of the English soldiers inspecting the area was killed trying to pass through it. Among the escapees was the elder Girouard, also known as Bistet, and Michel Bastarache (also known as O'Bask), husband of Marguerite Gaudet.

The founder of the Breau family, Vincent, settled in Port Royal circa 1650 at the age of 19. Vincent married Marie Bourg(Bourque), who had travelled from France with her father and mother in 1642. In 1755, Pierre Breault, husband of Anne LeBlanc (settled at Rivière-aux-Canards, from where he would one day be deported. Documents compiled by Placide Gaudet provide a number of details regarding the personal life of the exiled Pierre­, his tragic lot, his poverty, and his misery. Two of the couple's children, Joseph, aged 49 and widow of Elisabeth Thibodeau, and Aman, married to Madeleine Dupuis, appear to have been the founders of the name Breau in the Bouctouche area upon their return from exile.

Some interesting facts about the Bastarache family:

Jean, husband of Huguette Vincent and the first Bastarache in Acadia, died in 1733. Apparently, his surname was actually Basque/Au Basque as he came from the Basque country of France. Pierre and Michel, descendants of the couple, were deported to South Carolina with a dozen other Acadians of the same name. With permission of the British authorities, they began travelling back to Acadia in 1756. Forced to travel on foot through the woods, they were taken prisoner by natives upon their return and would almost certainly have perished had it not been for the intervention of a French fur trader. The archives read, Michel O'Bask, his brother Pierre and a dozen or more other Acadian deportees hiked through the woods from South Carolina ­or from New Orleans, say others­as far as the head of the St. Lawrence River, whence they travelled by canoe to Cumberland, where they found their wives, families and homeland. (Cumberland here refers to the Westmorland and Cumberland counties in Nova Scotia.) I do not know how factual this information is at this time but it makes a good read!

This Pierre Bastarache, father the first settlers Isidore and Joseph, travelled with his sons to Bouctouche. It is here that he died. Joseph's sons settled in the inner bay. Adolphe (son of Fabien), Moïse O'Bask, Adélard and Albert are all descendants of this ancestor. As for Isidore, since he was unable to obtain title to the land, his children settled elsewhere. Their father's lands somehow became the possession of Peter Smith of Massachusetts.

Irish and English families began settling the area around 1830, taking over lands first cultivated by our Acadian Ancestors. Thus came the names of Barnes, Ryan and Douglas; Horatio Smith, who built a general store; and Gladstone, who built another. Michel O'Bask, son of Isidore, took possession of the farm then occupied by Camille, son of Daniel, while Joseph found himself at the end of the railroad at the home of Eddy, son of Octave.

Notes gathered from Calixte, son of Edouard, son of Laurent, son of François LeBlanc, who resided in the inner bay area: Mr. LeBlanc remembers very well the sons of François the founder­Simon, Pierre and Jean­as well as the children of Charlitte, Simon and Clothilde, grandmother of Father Désiré Allain, parish priest of Bouctouche.

The Richard family:

It would seem that Joseph, married to Henriette, daughter of Isidore Bastarache, did his best to follow in the footsteps of the first families, trying unsuccessfully to work the "mocoque," a marshy land that today lies below Nowlan's garage. This Joseph Richard subsequently travelled to Cocagne, where he settled.

To corroborate this genealogical information, Calixte used to tell of Hélène Breau, (Bro), wife of François, being so strong as to be able to carry a pot large enough to hold a barrel of water on her back through the woods.

He also commented about this lands worked by the first farmers:

Simon Desroches (Aquila Berthe), Jean Desroches (Justin Bastarache), Julien Collet (the nuns' farm), Jacques Cormier (Pointe-de-l'Église - Church Point), André, son of François LeBlanc (Hervé Michaud, M.P.).

It was not longer that other settlers came after the arrival of the first settlers. In circa 1790 Bouctouche welcomed a number of new residents: Louis Girouard, also known as Bistet, m. Osithe Pothier; Paul-Gervais Girouard, m. Madeleine Thériau; Joseph LeBlanc, brother of Charles, m. Elizabeth Landry; Jean Desroches, m. Esther, daughter of Pierre Bastarache and Marguerite Gaudet; Julien Collet, m. Rosalie Thériault; Louis Allain, m. Marie Richard; Pierre Allain, m. Henriette, daughter of Paul Babin; Benjamin Allain, m. Isabelle LeBlanc; Jean-Baptiste Allain, m. Marie LeBlanc; Jean Savoie, m. Marie Allain, sister of the Allain men just named; François Richard, also known as Jani, m. Judith Allain. Along with other Savoies, Allains, Jaillets and Collets, the descendants of these families constitute the majority of the old Bouctouche families.


The town of Bouctouche was founded over 200 years ago on the hospitable shores of Bouctouche Bay. Pointe à Jérôme, Pointe à Jacquot, Dixon's Point - These fingers of land, jutting out among the many rivers and streams that wind their way through the landscape, were the first to be settled in the area. Chebooktoosk was the original name of this town, so named by the MiqMak. It means great little harbour and it denotes the welcoming typography of this quiet place. Bouctouche is truly a must on anyone visiting New Brunswick in search of original Acadian villages/settlements.

François and Charlitte Leblanc arrived in the area on an exploratory mission in 1785. They were amazed at the abundance of food and ease at which the waters could be navigated. Four Acadian families joined them later that summer and, during the years that followed, new families, from all across what is now known as southeastern New Brunswick gradually moved in.

During the 19th century the area also attracted immigrants from Ireland and Scotland.

Source: LeBlanc genealogy data; information obtained when visiting Bouctouche summer of 1998.

© Lucie LeBlanc Consentino
Acadian & French Canadian Ancestral Home
1998 - Present

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